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Chronology


Chronology. By this time we understand the technical and historical chronology of the Jews and their ancestors from the earliest time to the close of the New Testament Canon.

1. Technical Chronology.—The technical part of Hebrew chronology presents great difficulties. 2. Historical Chronology.—The historical part of Hebrew chronology is not less difficult than the technical. The information in the Bible is indeed direct rather than inferential, although there is very important evidence of the latter kind, but the present state of the numbers makes absolute certainty in many cases impossible. Three principal systems of biblical chronology have been founded, which may be termed the Long System, the Short, and the Rabbinical. There is a fourth, which, although an offshoot in part of the last, can scarcely be termed biblical, inasmuch as it depends for the most part upon theories, not only independent of but repugnant to the Bible: this last is at present peculiar to Baron Bunsen. The principal advocates of the Long chronology are Jackson, Hales, and Des-Vignoles. Of the Short chronology Ussher may be considered as the most able advocate. The Rabbinical chronology accepts the biblical numbers, but makes the most arbitrary corrections. For the date of the Exodus it has been virtually accepted by Bunsen, Lepsius, and Lord A. Hervey. The numbers given by the LXX for the antediluvian patriarchs would place the creation of Adam 2262 years before the end of the flood, or b.c. cir. 5361 or 5421.

Hales

Jackson

Ussher

Petavius

Bunsen

b.c.

b.c.

b.c.

b.c.

b.c.

Creation

5411

5426

4004

3983

(Adam) cir. 20,000

Flood

3155

3170

2348

2327

(Noah) cir. 10,000

Abram leaves Haran

2078

2023

1921

1961

Exodus

1648

1593

1491

1531

1320

Founding of Solomon’s Temple

1027

1014

1012

1012

1004

Destruction of Solomon’s Temple

586

586

588

589

586