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Gath


Gath (a wine-press), one of the five royal cities of the Philistines, Josh. 13:3; 1 Sam. 6:17, and the native place of the giant Goliath. 1 Sam. 17:4, 23. It probably stood upon the conspicuous hill now called Tell-es-Sâfieh, upon the side of the plain of Philistia, at the foot of the mountains of Judah; 10 miles east of Ashdod, and about the same distance south by east of Ekron. It is irregular in form, and about 200 feet high. Gath occupied a strong position, 2 Chron. 11:8, on the border of Judah and Philistia, 1 Sam. 21:10; 1 Chron. 18:1; and from its strength and resources forming the key of both countries, it was the scene of frequent struggles, and was often captured and recaptured. 2 Kings 12:17; 2 Chron. 11:8; 26:6; Amos 6:2. The ravages of war to which Gath was exposed appear to have destroyed it at a comparatively early period, as it is not mentioned among the other royal cities by the later prophets. Zeph. 2:4; Zech. 9:5, 6. It is familiar to the Bible student as the scene of one of the most romantic incidents in the life of King David. 1 Sam. 21:10-15.