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Haza-el


Haz’a-el (whom God sees), a king of Damascus who reigned from about b.c. 886 to b.c. 840. He appears to have been previously a person in a high position at the court of Ben-hadad, and was sent by his master to Elisha to inquire if he would recover from the malady under which he was suffering. Elisha’s answer led to the murder of Ben-hadad by his ambitious servant, who forthwith mounted the throne. 2 Kings 8:7-15. He was soon engaged in war with the kings of Judah and Israel, for the possession of the city of Ramoth-gilead. Ibid., 8:28. Towards the close of the reign of Jehu, Hazael led the Syrians against the Israelites (about b.c. 860), whom he “smote in all their coasts,” 2 Kings 10:32, thus accomplishing the prophecy of Elisha. Ibid., 8:12. At the close of his life, having taken Gath, ibid., 12:17; comp. Amos 6:2, he proceeded to attack Jerusalem, 2 Chron. 24:24, and was about to assault the city when Joash bribed him to retire. 2 Kings 12:18. Hazael appears to have died about the year b.c. 840, 2 Kings 13:24, having reigned forty-six years.