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Jonathan


Jon’athan, that is, “the gift of Jehovah,” the eldest son of King Saul. (b.c. about 1095–1056.) He was a man of great strength and activity. 2 Sam. 1:23. He was also famous as a warrior, 1 Chron. 12:2, as is shown by the courage he showed in attacking the garrison of the Philistines, in company with his armor-bearer only, slaying twenty men and putting an army to flight. 1 Sam. 14:6-16. During the pursuit, Jonathan, who had not heard of the rash curse, ch. 14:24, which Saul invoked on any one who ate before the evening, tasted the honey which lay on the ground. Saul would have sacrificed him; but the people interposed in behalf of the hero of that great day, and Jonathan was saved. ch. 14:24-45. The chief interest of Jonathan’s career is derived from the friendship with David, which began on the day of David’s return from the victory over the champion of Gath, and continued till his death. Their last meeting was in the forest of Ziph, during Saul’s pursuit of David. 1 Sam. 23:16-18. From this time forth we hear no more till the battle of Gilboa. In that battle he fell. 1 Sam. 31:2, 8. (b.c. 1056.) His ashes were buried first at Jabesh-gilead, ch. 31:13, but were afterward removed with those of his father to Zelah in Benjamin. 2 Sam. 21:12. The news of his death occasioned the celebrated elegy of David. He left a son, Mephibosheth. [Mephibosheth.]

2. A nephew of David. 2 Sam. 21:21; 1 Chron. 20:7. He engaged in single combat with and slew a gigantic Philistine of Gath. 2 Sam. 21:21. (b.c. 1018.)

3. The son of Abiathar, the high priest, is the last descendant of Eli of whom we hear anything. 2 Sam. 15:36; 17:15-21; 1 Kings 1:42, 43. (b.c. 1023.)

4. One of David’s heroes. 2 Sam. 23:32; 1 Chron. 11:34.

5. The son or descendant of Gershom the son of Moses. Judges 18:30. [Micah.] (b.c. about 1425.)

6. One of the Bene-Adin. Ezra 8:6.

7. A priest, the son of Asahel, in the time of Ezra. Ezra 10:15. (b.c. 459.)

8. A priest of the family of Melicu. Neh. 12:14.

9. One of the sons of Kareah, and brother of Johanan. Jer. 40:8. (b.c. 587.)

10. Son of Joiada, and his successor in the high priesthood. Neh. 12:11, 22, 23. (b.c. before 332.)

11. Father of Zechariah, a priest who blew the trumpet at the dedication of the wall. Neh. 12:35.

12. 1 Esdr. 8:32. [See No. 6.] (b.c. 446.)