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Ramah


Ra’mah (a hill). This is the name of several places in the holy land.

1. One of the cities of the allotment of Benjamin. Josh. 18:25. Its site is at er-Râm, about five miles from Jerusalem, and near to Gibeah. Judges 4:5; 19:13; 1 Sam. 22:6. Its people returned after the captivity. Ezra 2:26; Neh. 7:30.

2. The home of Elkanah, Samuel’s father, 1 Sam. 1:19; 2:11, the birthplace of Samuel himself, his home and official residence, the site of his altar, ch. 7:17; 8:4; 15:34; 16:13; 19:18, and finally his burial-place. ch. 25:1; 28:3. It is a contracted form of Ramathaim-zophim. All that is directly said as to its situation is that it was in Mount Ephraim, 1 Sam. 1:1, a district without defined boundaries. The position of Ramah is a much-disputed question. Tradition, however, places the residence of Samuel on the lofty and remarkable eminence of Neby Samwil, which rises four miles to the northwest of Jerusalem. Since the days of Arculf the tradition appears to have been continuous. Here, then, we are inclined, in the present state of the evidence, to place the Ramah of Samuel.

3. One of the nineteen fortified places of Naphtali. Josh. 19:36. Dr. Robinson has discovered a Rameh northwest of the Sea of Galilee, about 8 miles east-southeast of Safed.

4. One of the landmarks on the boundary of Asher, Josh. 19:29, apparently between Tyre and Zidon. Some place it 3 miles east of Tyre, others 10 miles off and east-southeast of the same city.

5. By this name in 2 Kings 8:29 and 2 Chron. 22:6, only, is designated Ramoth-gilead.

6. A place mentioned in the catalogue of those reinhabited by the Benjamites after their return from the captivity. Neh. 11:33.