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Samaria Country of


Sama’ria, Country of. Samaria at first included all the tribes over which Jeroboam made himself king, whether east or west of the river Jordan. 1 Kings 13:32. But whatever extent the word might have acquired, it necessarily became contracted as the limits of the kingdom of Israel became contracted. In all probability the territory of Simeon and that of Dan were very early absorbed in the kingdom of Judah. It is evident from an occurrence in Hezekiah’s reign that just before the deposition and death of Hoshea, the last king of Israel, the authority of the king of Judah, or at least his influence, was recognized by portions of Asher, Issachar, and Zebulun, and even of Ephraim and Manasseh. 2 Chron. 30:1-26. Men came from all those tribes to the Passover at Jerusalem. This was about b.c. 726. Samaria (the city) and a few adjacent cities or villages only represented that dominion which had once extended from Bethel to Dan northward, and from the Mediterranean to the borders of Syria and Ammon eastward. In New Testament times Samaria was bounded northward by the range of hills which commences at Mount Carmel on the west, and, after making a bend to the southwest, runs almost due east to the valley of the Jordan, forming the southern border of the plain of Esdraelon. It touched toward the south, as nearly as possible, the northern limits of Benjamin. Thus it comprehended the ancient territory of Ephraim and that of Manasseh west of Jordan. The Cuthæan Samaritans, however, possessed only a few towns and villages of this large area, and these lay almost together in the center of the district. At NƟblûs the Samaritans have still a settlement, consisting of about 200 persons. [Shechem.]