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Zoba


Zo’ba, or Zo’bah (station), the name of a portion of Syria which formed a separate kingdom in the time of the Jewish monarchs Saul, David, and Solomon. It probably was eastward of Cœle-Syria, and extended thence northeast and east toward, if not even to, the Euphrates. We first hear of Zobah in the time of Saul, when we find it mentioned as a separate country, governed apparently by a number of kings who owned no common head or chief. 1 Sam. 14:47. Some forty years later than this we find Zobah under a single ruler, Hadadezer son of Rehob. He had wars with Toi king of Hamath, 2 Sam. 8:10, and held various petty Syrian princes as vassals under his yoke. 2 Sam. 10:19. David, 2 Sam. 8:3, attacked Hadadezer in the early part of his reign, defeated his army, and took from him a thousand chariots, seven hundred (seven thousand, 1 Chron. 18:4) horsemen, and 20,000 footmen. Hadadezer’s allies, the Syrians of Damascus, were defeated in a great battle. The wealth of Zobah is very apparent in the narrative of this campaign. A man of Zobah, Rezon son of Eliadah, made himself master of Damascus, where he proved a fierce adversary to Israel all through the reign of Solomon. 1 Kings 11:23–25. Solomon also was, it would seem, engaged in a war with Zobah itself. 2 Chron. 8:3. This is the last that we hear of Zobah in Scripture. The name, however, is found at a later date in the inscriptions of Assyria, where the kingdom of Zobah seems to intervene between Hamath and Damascus.