Crown. This ornament, which is both ancient and universal, probably originated from the fillets used to prevent the hair from being dishevelled by the wind. Such fillets are still common; they gradually developed into turbans, which by the addition of ornamental or precious materials assumed the dignity of mitres or crowns. Both the ordinary priests and the high priest wore them. The crown was a symbol of royalty, and was worn by kings, 2 Chron. 23:11, and also by queens. Esther 2:17. The head-dress of bridegrooms, Ezek. 24:17; Isa. 61:10; Bar. 5:2, and of women, Isa. 3:20; a head-dress of great splendor, Isa. 28:5; a wreath of flowers, Prov. 1:9; 4:9, denote crowns. In general we must attach to it the notion of a costly turban irradiated with pearls and gems of priceless value, which often form aigrettes for feathers, as in the crowns of modern Asiatic sovereigns. Such was probably the crown which weighed (or rather “was worth”) a talent, mentioned in 2 Sam. 12:30, taken by David from the king of Ammon at Rabbah, and used as the state crown of Judah. 2 Sam. 12:30. In Rev. 12:3; 19:12, allusion is made to “many crowns” worn in token of extended dominion. The laurel, pine or parsley crowns given to victors in the great games of Greece are finely alluded to by St. Paul. 1 Cor. 9:25; 2 Tim. 2:5, etc.
1. Crown of Upper Egypt. 2. Crown of Upper and Lower Egypt united. 3. Assyrian Crown, from Nineveh Marbles. 4. Laurel Crown. 5. Crown of Herod the Great. 6. Crown of Aretas, King of Arabia.