Cy’prus, an island of Asia in the Mediterranean. It is about 140 miles long and 50 miles wide at the widest part. Its two chief cities were Salamis, at the east end of the island, and Paphos, at the west end. “Cyprus occupies a distinguished place in both sacred and profane history. It early belonged to the Phœnicians of the neighboring coast; was afterwards colonized by Greeks; passed successively under the power of the Pharaohs, Persians, Ptolemics, and Romans, excepting a short period of independence in the fourth century b.c. It was one of the chief seats of the worship of Venus, hence called Cypria. Recently the discoveries in Cyprus by Cesnola have excited new interest.—Appleton’s Am. Encyc. It was the native place of Barnabas, Acts 4:36, and was visited by Paul. Acts 13:4-13; 15:39; 21:3. See also Acts 27:4.