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Cy’rus (the sun), the founder of the Persian empire—see 2 Chron. 36:22, 23; Dan. 6:28; 10:1, 13—was, according to the common legend, the son of Cambyses, a Persian of the royal family of the Achæmenidæ. When he grew up to manhood his courage and genius placed him at the head of the Persians. His conquests were numerous and brilliant. He defeated and captured the Median king b.c. 559. In b.c. 546(?) he defeated Crœsus, and the kingdom of Lydia was the prize of his success. Babylon fell before his army, and the ancient dominions of Assyria were added to his empire b.c. 538. The prophet Daniel’s home for a time was at his court. Dan. 6:28. The edict of Cyrus for the rebuilding of the temple, 2 Chron. 36:22, 23; Ezra 1:1-4; 3:7; 4:3; 5:13, 17; 6:3, was in fact the beginning of Judaism; and the great changes by which the nation was transformed into a church are clearly marked. His tomb is still shown at Pasargadæ, the scene of his first decisive victory.