Dance. The dance is spoken of in Holy Scripture universally as symbolical of some rejoicing, and is often coupled for the sake of contrast with mourning, as in Eccles. 3:4; comp. Ps. 30:11; Matt. 11:17. In the earlier period it is found combined with some song or refrain, Ex. 15:20; 32:18, 19; 1 Sam. 21:11, and with the tambourine (Authorized Version “timbrel”), more especially in those impulsive outbursts of popular feeling which cannot find sufficient vent in voice or in gesture singly. Dancing formed a part of the religious ceremonies of the Egyptians, and was also common in private entertainments. For the most part dancing was carried on by the women, the two sexes seldom and not customarily intermingling. The one who happened to be near of kin to the champion of the hour led the dance. In the earlier period of the Judges the dances of the virgins of Shiloh, Judges 21:19-23, were certainly part of a religious festivity. Dancing also had its place among merely festive amusements, apart from any religious character. Jer. 31:4, 13; Mark 6:22.