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E’lath, E’loth (a grove), the name of a town of the land of Edom, commonly mentioned with Ezion-geber, and situated at the head of the Arabian Gulf, which was thence called the Elanitic Gulf. It first occurs in the account of the wanderings, Deut. 2:8, and in later times must have come under the rule of David. 2 Sam. 8:14. We find the place named again in connection with Solomon’s navy. 1 Kings 9:26; comp. 2 Chron. 8:17. In the Roman period it became a frontier town of the south and the residence of a Christian bishop. The Arabic name is Eyleh, and palm groves still exist there, after which it was named.