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Elea’zar (help of God).

1. Third son of Aaron. After the death of Nadab and Abihu without children, Lev. 10:6; Num. 3:4, Eleazar was appointed chief over the principal Levites. Num. 3:32. With his brother Ithamar he ministered as a priest during their father’s lifetime, and immediately before his death was invested on Mount Hor with the sacred garments, as the successor of Aaron in the office of high priest. Num. 20:28. (b.c. 1452.) One of his first duties was in conjunction with Moses to superintend the census of the people. Num. 26:3. After the conquest of Canaan by Joshua he took part in the distribution of the land. Josh. 14:1. The time of his death is not mentioned in Scripture.

2. The son of Abinadab, of the hill of Kirjath-jearim. 1 Sam. 7:1. (b.c. 1134.)

3. One of the three principal mighty men of David’s army. 2 Sam. 23:9; 1 Chron. 11:12. (b.c. 1046.)

4. A Merarite Levite, son of Mahli and grandson of Merari. 1 Chron. 23:21, 22; 24:28.

5. A priest who took part in the feast of dedication under Nehemiah. Neh. 12:42. (b.c. 446.)

6. One of the sons of Parosh, an Israelite (i.e., a layman) who had married a foreign wife. Ezra 10:25.

7. Son of Phinehas, a Levite. Ezra 8:33.

8. The son of Eliud, in the genealogy of Jesus Christ. Matt. 1:15.