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El’iphaz (God is his strength).

1. The son of Esau and Adah, and the father of Teman. Gen. 36:4; 1 Chron. 1:35, 36.

2. The chief of the “three friends” of Job. He is called “the Temanite”; hence it is naturally inferred that he was a descendant of Teman. On him falls the main burden of the argument, that God’s retribution in this world is perfect and certain, and that consequently suffering must be a proof of previous sin. Job 4, 5, 15, 22. The great truth brought out by him is the unapproachable majesty and purity of God. Job 4:12-21; 15:12-16. [Job.]