Gedali’ah (God is my greatness), son of Ahikam (Jeremiah’s protector, Jer. 26:24) and grandson of Shaphan the secretary of King Josiah. After the destruction of the temple, b.c. 588, Nebuchadnezzar departed from Judea, leaving Gedaliah with a Chaldean guard, Jer. 40:5, at Mizpah to govern the vinedressers and husbandmen, Jer. 52:16, who were exempted from captivity. Jeremiah joined Gedaliah; and Mizpah became the resort of Jews from various quarters. Jer. 40:6, 11. He was murdered by Ishmael two months after his appointment.