Ha’dad (mighty), originally the indigenous appellation of the sun among the Syrians, and thence transferred to the king as the highest of earthly authorities. The title appears to have been an official one, like Pharaoh. It is found occasionally in the altered form Hadar. Gen. 25:15; 36:39, compared with 1 Chron. 1:30, 50.
3. Also a king of Edom, with Pau for his capital. 1 Chron. 1:50.
4. A member of the royal house of Edom. 1 Kings 11:14ff. In his childhood he escaped the massacre under Joab, and fled with a band of followers into Egypt. Pharaoh, the predecessor of Solomon’s father-in-law, treated him kindly, and gave him his sister-in-law in marriage. After David’s death Hadad resolved to attempt the recovery of his dominion. He left Egypt and returned to his own country.