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Hi’ram, or Hu’ram (noble).

1. The king of Tyre who sent workmen and materials to Jerusalem, first, 2 Sam. 5:11; 1 Chron. 14:1, to build a palace for David (b.c. 1064), whom he ever loved, 1 Kings 5:1, and again, 1 Kings 5:10; 7:13; 2 Chron. 2, 16, to build the temple for Solomon, with whom he had a treaty of peace and commerce. 1 Kings 5:11, 12. He admitted Solomon’s ships, issuing from Joppa, to a share in the profitable trade of the Mediterranean, 1 Kings 10:22; and the Jewish sailors, under the guidance of Tyrians, were taught to bring the gold of India, 1 Kings 9:26, to Solomon’s two harbors on the Red Sea.

2. Hiram was the name of a man of mixed race, 1 Kings 7:13, 40, the principal architect and engineer sent by King Hiram to Solomon.