John Gospel of
John, Gospel of. This Gospel was probably written at Ephesus about a.d. 78. (Canon Cook places it toward the close of John’s life, a.d. 90–100.—Ed.) The Gospel was obviously addressed primarily to Christians, not to heathen. There can be little doubt that the main object of St. John, who wrote after the other evangelists, is to supplement their narratives, whcih were almost confined to our Lord’s life in Galilee. (It was the Gospel for the Church, to cultivate and cherish the spiritual life of Christians, and bring them into the closest relations to the divine Saviour. It gives the inner life and teachings of Christ as revealed to his disciples. Nearly two-thirds of the whole book belong to the last six months of our Lord’s life, and one-third is the record of the last week.—Ed.) The following is an abridgment of its contents: A. The Prologue. ch. 1:1-18. B. The History, ch. 1:19-20:29. (a) Various events relating to our Lord’s ministry, narrated in connection with seven journeys, ch. 1:19-12:50:
1. First journey, into Judea, and beginning of his ministry, ch. 1:19-2:12 2. Second journey, at the passover in the first year of his ministry, ch. 2:13-4. 3. Third journey, in the second year of his ministry, about the passover, ch. 5. 4. Fourth journey, about the passover, in the third year of his ministry, beyond Jordan, ch. 6. 5. Fifth journey, six months before his death, begun at the feast of tabernacles, chs. 7-10:21. 6. Sixth journey, about the feast of dedication, ch. 10:22-42. 7. Seventh journey, in Judea towards Bethany, ch. 11:1-54. 8. Eighth journey, before his last passover, chs. 11:55-12. (b) History of the death of Christ, chs. 13-20:29:
1. Scope of the foregoing history, ch. 20:30, 31. 2. Confirmation of the authority of the evangelist by additional historical facts, and by the testimony of the elders of the Church, ch. 21:1-24. 3. Reason of the termination of the history, ch. 21:25.