1. A town of Reuben on the east side of Jordan. Num. 32:3, 38. In the remarkable prophecy adopted by Isaiah, Isa. 15:2, and Jeremiah, Jer. 48:1, 22, concerning Moab, Nebo is mentioned in the same connection as before, but in the hands of Moab. Eusebius and Jerome identify it with Nobah or Kenath, and place it eight miles south of Heshbon, where the ruins of el-Habis appear to stand at present. (Prof. Paine identifies it with some ruins on Mount Nebo, a mile south of its summit, and Dr. Robinson seems to agree with this.—Ed.)
2. The children of Nebo returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel. Ezra 2:29; 10:43; Neh. 7:33. The name occurs between Bethel and Ai and Lydda, which implies that it was situated in the territory of Benjamin to the northwest of Jerusalem. This is possibly the modern Beit-Nûbah, about 12 miles northwest by west of Jerusalem, 8 from Lydda.
3. Nebo, which occurs both in Isaiah, Isa. 46:1, and Jeremiah, Jer. 48:1, as the name of a Chaldean god, is a well-known deity of the Babylonians and Assyrians. He was the god who presided over learning and letters. His general character corresponds to that of the Egyptian Thoth, the Greek Hermes and the Latin Mercury. Astronomically he is identified with the planet nearest the sun. In Babylonia Nebo held a prominent place from an early time. The ancient town of Borsippa was especially under his protection, and the great temple here, the modern Birs-Nimrûd, was dedicated to him from a very remote age. He was the tutelar god of the most important Babylonian kings, in whose names the word Nabu or Nebo appears as an element.