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Oil tree

Oil tree (Heb. êts shemen). The Hebrew words occur in Neh. 8:15 (DAV “pine branches”), 1 Kings 6:23 (“olive tree”), and in Isa. 41:19 (“oil tree”). From the passage in Nehemiah, where the êts shemen is mentioned as distinct from the olive tree, it may perhaps be identified with the zackum tree of the Arabs, the Balanites ™gyptiaca, a well-known and abundant shrub or small tree in the plain of Jordan. The zackum oil is held in high repute by the Arabs for its medicinal properties. [Olive.]