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Oven. The eastern oven is of two kinds—fixed and portable. The former is found only in towns, where regular bakers are employed. Hos. 7:4. The latter is adapted to the nomad state. It consists of a large jar made of clay, about three feet high and widening toward the bottom, with a hole for the extraction of the ashes. Each household possessed such an article, Ex. 8:3; and it was only in times of extreme dearth that the same oven sufficed for several families. Lev. 26:26. It was heated with dry twigs and grass, Matt. 6:30, and the loaves were placed both inside and outside of it.


An Eastern Oven.