Poor. The general kindly spirit of the law toward the poor is sufficiently shown by such passages as Deut. 15:7, for the reason that (ver. 11) “the poor shall never cease out of the land.” Among the special enactments in their favor the following must be mentioned:
1. The right of gleaning. Lev. 19:9, 10; Deut. 24:19, 21. 2. From the produce of the land in sabbatical years the poor and the stranger were to have their portion. Ex. 23:11; Lev. 25:6. 3. Re-entry upon land in the jubilee year, with the limitation as to town homes. Lev. 25:25-30. 4. Prohibition of usury and of retention of pledges. Ex. 22:25-27; Lev. 25:35, 37, etc. 5. Permanent bondage forbidden, and manumission of Hebrew bondmen or bondwomen enjoined in the sabbatical and jubilee years. Lev. 25:39-42, 47-54; Deut. 15:12-15. 6. Portions from the tithes to be shared by the poor after the Levites. Deut. 14:28; 26:12, 13. 7. The poor to partake in entertainments at the feasts of Weeks and Tabernacles. Deut. 16:11, 14; see Neh. 8:10. 8. Daily payment of wages. Lev. 19:13. Principles similar to those laid down by Moses are inculcated in the New Testament, as Luke 3:11; 14:13; Acts 6:1; Gal. 2:10; James 2:15.