Rehobo’am (enlarger of the people), son of Solomon by the Ammonite princess Naamah, 1 Kings 14:21, 31, and his successor. 1 Kings 11:43. Rehoboam selected Shechem as the place of his coronation (b.c. 975), probably as an act of concession to the Ephraimites. The people demanded a remission of the severe burdens imposed by Solomon, and Rehoboam, rejecting the advice of his father’s counsellors, followed that of his young courtiers, and returned an insulting answer, which led to an open rebellion among the tribes, and he was compelled to fly to Jerusalem, Judah, and Benjamin alone remaining true to him. Jeroboam was made king of the northern tribes. [Jeroboam.] An expedition to reconquer Israel was forbidden by the prophet Shemaiah, 1 Kings 12:24; still during Rehoboam’s lifetime peaceful relations between Israel and Judah were never restored. 2 Chron. 12:15; 1 Kings 14:30. In the fifth year of Rehoboam’s reign the country was invaded by a host of Egyptians and other African nations under Shishak. Jerusalem itself was taken, and Rehoboam had to purchase an ignominious peace by delivering up all the treasures with which Solomon had adorned the temple and palace. The rest of Rehoboam’s life was unmarked by any events of importance. He died b.c. 958, after a reign of 17 years, having ascended the throne b.c. 975, at the age of 41. 1 Kings 14:21; 2 Chron. 12:13. He had 18 wives, 60 concubines, 28 sons, and 60 daughters.
Rehoboam, from sculpture at Karnak. The inscription has been read “Kingdom of Judah.”