1. The place of which Melchizedek was king. Gen. 14:18; Heb. 7:1, 2. No satisfactory identification of it is perhaps possible. Two main opinions have been current from the earliest ages of interpretation:
1. That of the Jewish commentators, who affirm that Salem is Jerusalem, on the ground that Jerusalem is so called in Ps. 76:2. Nearly al Jewish commentators hold this opinion. 2. Jerome, however, states that the Salem of Melchizedek was not Jerusalem, but a town eight Roman miles south of Scythopolis, and gives its then name as Salumias, and identifies it with Salem, where John baptized.
2. Ps. 76:2. It is agreed on all hands that Salem is here employed for Jerusalem.