1. An ancient town, first heard of in the account of the homeward journey of Jacob from Padanaram. Gen. 33:17. The name is derived from the fact of Jacob’s having there put up “booths” (succôth) for his cattle, as well as a house for himself. From the itinerary of Jacob’s return it seems that Succoth lay between Peniel, near the ford of the torrent Jabbok, and Shechem. Comp. Gen. 32:30 and 33:18. In accordance with this is the mention of Succoth in the narrative of Gideon’s pursuit of Zebah and Zalmunna. Judges 8:5–17. It would appear from this passage that it lay east of the Jordan, which is corroborated by the fact that it was allotted to the tribe of Gad. Josh. 13:27. Succoth is named once again after this—in 1 Kings 7:46; 2 Chron. 4:17—as marking the spot at which the brass founderies were placed for casting the metal work of the temple. (Dr. Merrill identifies it with a site called Tell Darala, one mile north of the Jabbok.—Ed.)
2. The first camping-place of the Israelites when they left Egypt. Ex. 12:37; 13:20; Num. 33:5–6. This place was apparently reached at the close of the first day’s march. Rameses, the starting-place, was probably near the western end of the Wádi-t-Tumeylát. The distance traversed in each day’s journey was about fifteen miles.