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Artaxerx’es (the great warrior).

1. The first Artaxerxes is mentioned in Ezra 4:7, and appears identical with Smerdis, the Magian impostor and pretended brother of Cambyses, who usurped the throne b.c. 522, and reigned eight months.

2. In Neh. 2:1 we have another Artaxerxes. We may safely identify him with Artaxerxes Macrocheir or Longimanus, the son of Xerxes, who reigned b.c. 464–425.