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Tiph’sah (ford) is mentioned in 1 Kings 4:24 as the limit of Solomon’s empire toward the Euphrates, and in 2 Kings 15:16 it is said to have been attacked by Menahem. It was known to the Greeks and Romans under the name of Thapsacus, and was the point where it was usual to cross the Euphrates. Thapsacus has been generally placed at the modern Dêr; but the Euphrates expedition proved that there is no ford at Dêr, and that the only ford in this part of the course of the Euphrates is at Suriyeh, 45 miles below Balis, and 165 above Dêr. This, then, must have been the position of Thapsacus.