Vinegar. The Hebrew word translated “vinegar” was applied to a beverage consisting generally of wine or strong drink turned sour, but sometimes artifically made by an admixture of barley and wine, and thus liable to fermentation. It was acid even to a proverb, Prov. 10:26, and by itself formed an unpleasant draught, Ps. 49:21, but was used by laborers. Ruth 2:14. Similar was the acetum of the Romans—a thin, sour wine, consumed by soldiers. This was the beverage of which the Saviour partook in his dying moments. Matt. 27:48; Mark 15:36; John 19:29, 30.