Wormwood. Four kinds of wormwood are found in Palestine—Artemisia nilotica, A. Judaica, A. fructicosa and A. cinerea. The word occurs frequently in the Bible, and generally in a metaphorical sense. In Jer. 9:15; 23:15; Lam. 3:15, 19, wormwood is symbolical of bitter calamity and sorrow; unrighteous judges are said to “turn judgment to wormwood.” Amos 5:7. The Orientals typified sorrows, cruelties, and calamities of any kind by plants of a poisonous or bitter nature.