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Beth-ho’ron (house of caverns), the name of two towns or villages, an “upper” and a “nether,” Josh. 16:3, 5; 1 Chron. 7:24, on the road from Gibeon to Azekah, Josh. 10:10, 11, and the Philistine plain. 1 Macc. 3:24. Beth-horon lay on the boundary line between Benjamin and Ephraim, Josh. 16:3, 5, and, Josh. 18:13, 14, was counted to Ephraim, Josh. 21:22; 1 Chron. 7:24, and given to the Kohathites. Josh. 21:22; 1 Chron. 6:68(53). The two Beth-horons still survive in the modern villages of Beit-˒ûr, et-tahta and el-foka.


Bethlehem from the Chapel of the Nativity.


Chapel of the Nativity, Bethlehem.