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Caphar, one of the numerous words employed in the Bible to denote a village or collection of dwellings smaller than a city (Ir). Mr. Stanley proposes to render it by “hamlet.” In names of places it occurs in Chephar-ha-Ammonai, Chephirah, Caphar-salama. To us its chief interest arises from its forming a part of the name of Capernaum, i.e., Capharnahum.